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Contents

Goal

Design and fabricate a single copy vector in which BioBricks devices can be characterized. To date most characterization work has been done in low or high copy vectors which have several issues including

  1. Copy number is uncertain or variable making it difficult to infer PoPS per DNA copy.
  2. At high copy, devices place a high metabolic load on the cell thereby altering host physiology and observed device behavior.

The proposed solution to these two problems is to characterize devices at single copy in the cell. Obviously, such a vector will vary between 1 and 2 copies per cell over the cell cycle but nevertheless will hopefully present an improvement over the current situation. The advantage of using a single copy plasmid rather than simply integrating the device into the genome is that a separate plasmid offers some isolation from the host and makes moving the device between different host strains slightly easier.

Design

The F plasmid origin needs to be designed. The complete F plasmid with partitioning genes in ~10kb in length. It contains several BioBricks restriction sites in both coding and noncoding regions.

Once designed, the F plasmid origin can be assembled with an antibiotic resistance marker and cloned into the vector scaffold to generate a new single copy BioBricks plasmid.

Chris Anderson suggested inclusion of the R6K origin in these plasmids (rather than inclusion of a pUC19 origin in the multiple cloning site). The R6K origin is a conditional origin. It only works in the presence of the trans-acting protein Π (encoded by pir) for replication. R6K replicates at a medium copy (15 per cell) in pir+ strains and high copy (250 per cell) in pir-116 (high-copy-number mutant) E. coli hosts.

Fabrication

Notes

Drawbacks

Relevant pages

See the list of parts for plasmid engineering.

See notes on bacterial artificial chromosomes.

See Synthetic Biology:Vectors for information on vector nomenclature, existing vectors and vectors that we would like constructed.

Vectors has a lot of general information on vectors.

References

Error fetching PMID 10099385:
Error fetching PMID 8125283:
  1. Error fetching PMID 10099385: [Jones-BiotechnolBioeng-1998]
  2. Error fetching PMID 8125283: [Metcalf-Gene-1994]
All Medline abstracts: PubMed HubMed